Working Paper on Security and Stability on the Korean Peninsula
Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School
The stability of Kim Jong-un regime and the Korea’s Trust-Building Strategy toward North Korea
The death of Kim Jong-il in late 2011 was an epoch event related to the political situation on the Korean Peninsula, especially due to the extreme tension built up on the Peninsula by consecutive armed provocations such as the 2009 nuclear test, the 2010 Cheon-an sinking, and the Yeon-pyung shelling. Amid the sanctions imposed on North Korea by the UN Security Council, Kim Jong-un has promptly built up his own succession system. He made his official debut as the North’s supreme leader by dominating all top positions of the ruling party, government, and the military of North Korea. Under such circumstances, South Korea set up a new policy toward North Korea, the so-called “Trust-Building Process” in early 2013 when Park Geun-hye was elected President of South Korea.
This paper, firstly, reviewed whether or not the current Kim Jong-un regime can be stable. It include the process of which Kim Jong-un has consolidated his power by executing his uncle, Jang Sung-thaek, who played a central role as his guardian while setting up his power structure, and whether or not Kim’s regime will be settled in a stable manner in the long term. Secondly, it review the policy toward North Korea of the United States with Barack Obama who is in his second term of office, and the China’s policy toward North Korea with Xi Jin-ping as the one of the most influential stakeholders in the Korean Peninsula issues and the South Korean strategy as a member of the Six-Party talks as well. Lastly, this paper makes recommendations on how the South Korean government’s “Trust-Building Process” policy should be implemented in accordance with the degree of how stable the current Kim Jong-un regime will be.
Book on Policy and Leadership behind the Rise of China to the G2
China, Taking a Leap in the Global Era (2014)
Publisher: Mannam-Gwa-Chiyu, South Korea
China has implemented ‘reform and open policy’ since 1978 by Deng Xiaoping. After that, it also included Hong Kong and Macao into its territory in 1997 and 1999, respectively. In the 2000s it joined the WTO based on a stable and strong new leadership. For about 10 years since joining in WTO, China was able to enjoy exponential economic growth which was over 10% every year. The expansive growth along with the 2008 Beijing Olympic became the catalyst for China’s current position as the world’s strongest economic nation.
This book, firstly, talks about the foundation and development of the Chinese Communist Party, the establishment of the new People’s Republic of China, and Deng Xiao Ping’s reform and open policy after the Cultural Revolution. Secondly, the book not only explains the political and economic reform, the social and cultural policy, and the foreign policy of the current Chinese government, but also proposes the problems that showed up during the execution of these policies. In the last chapter, the background of how China has emerged as the G2 is explained; and the challenges that the 5th generation’s new leadership (Xi jin-ping regime) will encounter, as well as their solutions, are proposed.
EDR Director Jay Jinseop Jang was invited to the 2015 Annual Convention of the prestigious International Studies Association (ISA) held in New Orleans in February 2015 and presented his paper on Human Security and International Security.
The Panel Slot
SA10, 08:15~10:00 am, February 21st, 2015, Hilton New Orleans Riverside hotel.
The Impact of Human Security on National Security: Northeast Asian States’ Policies to Control Security Risks from North Korea
Human security has been discussed for the international society to recognize a “responsibility to protect” individuals in fragile or self-perpetuating states. In Northeast Asia where the state regimes are generally strong, human security is often considered to discuss non-traditional security or “soft security” threats such as epidemic, transnational crime, and natural disaster. This perception appears to keep human security distant from ‘main stream’ national security or “hard security.” Geopolitical rivalry and strong nationalism rooted in the long history of inter-state conflicts have strengthened this perception by national security communities in China, Japan, and South Korea. As a result, the regional security tension of Northeast Asia has been escalated. This paper argues that the concept of human security, if reinterpreted as human-centric national security, is more acceptable to national security policy frameworks for strong states to control traditional interstate security risks, too. This paper reviews national security policies of the three nations for 1994-2014 to control risks from North Korea, which are one of the main sources of ‘traditional’ interstate security threats to the region. This research implies that human security, if reinterpreted, can effectively improve national security through regional cooperation to control security risks from North Korea.
EDR provided high school students from China with EDR’s Human Security & Glo0bal Peace lecture series on Understanding American Culture and Society and Cross-Cultural Leadership to Prevent International Conflict.
EDR advised and supported Saitama University, Japan, for an academic symposium entitled, “Toward a twenty-first century of Asia: Global Governance and Human Security.” Dr. Jane Parpart and Dr. Timothy Shaw, professors of UMass Boston and advisers of EDR participated as speakers. Jay Jang, Managing Director of EDR participated as a panelist.
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